Pain in the hands, what to do?

The hand pain are very common.  Mild or severe, just annoying or very debilitating, most can be treated very well.  Provided you have good reflexes. 

Having paronychia

Characterized by throbbing fingertip manifested especially at night, the paronychia is an infection often associated with a wound that superinfected, especially those who bite their nails or have cut the nails too short.  The finger becomes red and swollen, signs of inflammation.  A small pus ball can also appear after 2 or 3 days.

How is it treated – In the inflammatory stage, just dip his finger in an antiseptic bath twice a day and taking oral analgesics.  The pus ball, it must be removed surgically under local anesthesia.  Better to consult immediately a doctor.

Having deformed fingers

Very frequent, osteoarthritis of the fingers is a wear of the cartilage which covers the bones in the joints located between the knuckles.  This wear can be natural, secondary to joint trauma or local inflammation (arthritis).  It can be quite painless or otherwise very painful and very debilitating daily. Often, joints deform and fingers become knotted, twisted.

Treatment is primarily medical: analgesics (paracetamol), anti-inflammatory drugs (ibuprofen, diclofenac …) or infiltration in the case of osteoarthritis of the thumb (thumb osteoarthritis).  Not to mention wearing a splint, especially at night, to reduce pain.  In case of failure or significant deformation, surgery may be considered.  The type of surgery depends on the achievement, age and activity.

Bump on the wrist

This is usually a arthrography synovial cyst: a “ball”, filled with a gelatinous fluid, completely benign.  Localized in the majority of cases the back of the wrist, it appears spontaneously or following trauma.  Its evolution is risky.  It may disappear after a few weeks or months, gradually increase volume or stagnate.

 How is it treated  – If it is unsightly or painful and installed for more than 6 months, the cyst can be punctured, but the recurrence rate is … 100%.  It can also be removed surgically (arthroscopy prefer to reduce scars).  The recurrence rate is around in this case 20% in two years.

Fingers tingle

The existence of tingling, tingling, numbness in the thumb, index and middle fingers to night or morning predominance usually signs of carpal tunnel syndrome .  This condition is due to compression of a nerve (median nerve).  Very common, it mainly affects women, particularly between 40 and 60 years or during pregnancy.

How is it treated – Treatment depends on the severity of the violation and the electromyogram, a test that is used to study the electrical activity of nerves and muscles.  A night splint can relieve symptoms, such as infiltration, Breach beginner.  Ultimately, surgery is often required.  It can be performed endoscopic ally.

Pain in the palm at the base of a finger

This painful discomfort often means the beginning of a trigger finger.  A common disease which manifests itself by a finger lock flexion and a noise characteristic when it is released (the projection).  Caused by the thickening of the flexor tendon, it can affect all long fingers and thumb and, sometimes, several fingers of one hand.

How is it treated – Infiltration possible to reduce or eliminate the symptoms.  In case of recurrence or when infiltrations are cons-indicated (including diabetes), the surgery is inevitable.  The deal puts an end to the blockade and pain.

Swollen fingers

Unsightly, embarrassing, swollen hands are often tied to a water retention problem.  In the dock: the warmth, hormonal fluctuations, such as menstruation or pregnancy, excess salt, taking certain medications (antihypertensives, cortisone, etc.), or other diseases (hypertension, problem kidney, heart disease, etc.).  Do not hesitate to consult if edema is important.

 How it heals First reflex: drain!  You have to drink (at least 1.5 liters of water per day), eat healthy, limit salt intake.  We must also move his fingers (in the tending and relaxing regularly for example), massage, or better, the massage.  Finally, if significant discomfort, think of contention gloves.

Fingertip turns white

This symptom is characteristic of Raynaud’s disease , a chronic blood circulation disorder in the more annoying than serious ends.  It occurs when exposed to cold or stress, especially in smokers and women from puberty to 40 years.  The affected parts (fingers, toes, ears or nose), suddenly become white (or blue), cold and sometimes insensitive or numb.

How is it treated – There is no cure for this disease, but it is possible to reduce the frequency of attacks by changing some habits (quit smoking, keep warm in particular).  Better, however, consult as these symptoms may hide an underlying disease (scleroderma, rheumatoid arthritis, etc.).

Having cramps

Cramps fingers, also called the writer cramps are involuntary contractions of the muscles of the fingers (or hand) that occur during specific gestures (when writing, playing an instrument, making a golf swing or uses a video game joystick).  They are due to abnormal muscle tone.

 How is it treated? The treatment usually relies on muscle relaxant drugs, botulinum toxin injections in the affected muscles and rehabilitation.  It may be wise to involve relaxation sessions or controlled movement myo-feedback.

Shooting pains while using finger

This may be a tendinitis .  This inflammation of the tendon, the fibrous band that connects muscle to bone, may appear as a result of repetitive, with a sudden movement, a fall or a bad position.  Nearly a dozen locations may exist, but the symptoms are almost always the same: pain when tensioning tendons, sometimes with local swelling.

 How it treats – Surgical treatment is indicated in cases of failure of medical treatment: quiesce the painful area for several days, taking painkillers or anti-inflammatory and rehabilitation, including cold (cryotherapy) or massage with ultrasound.

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