Depression is one of the most common psychiatric disorders. It can occur at any age, including in childhood, but it appears for the first time more often in late adolescence or early adulthood. Depression is characterized by a great sadness, a sense of hopelessness (depressed mood), loss of motivation and decision-making abilities, decreased sense of fun, food and sleep disorders.
The period of depression can last for weeks, months or even years. Depending on the intensity of symptoms, depression will be classified as mild, moderate or major (severe). In the most severe cases, depression leads to suicide.
Depression usually affects mood, thoughts and behaviour, but in the body also it can be expressed through a backache, abdominal pain, headache.
Below we are listing few depression causes and its Prevention
Depression can be genetic, if we are having any of the family members specially if we have twins with this disease then chances are more that we also suffer from depression.
Biological imbalance in brain can lead to depression. Mostly in depressed individuals, a deficit or imbalance of certain neurotransmitters such as serotonin is found which disrupt communication between neurons. Other hormonal imbalances such as hypothyroidism, taking birth control pills can also contribute to depression.
People who are adductive of bad habits like smoking, alcohol , do very little physical activity, excess of TV or video games, etc. may suffer from depression. Living conditions can also like stress, social isolation may profoundly hamper the psychological state and lead to depression. For example, the accumulation of stress at work can lead to burnout and eventually to depression.
Most of the individuals suffering from depression must have gone to some trauma like the loss of a loved one, divorce, illness, job loss or other trauma. Similarly, the abuse or the trauma experienced in childhood make them more susceptible to depression in adulthood because they are permanently disturbed of doing some stress related things.
Prevention of depression
In case of mild depression, we can simply organize a healthier diet for a while like going to bed early, make them do more exercise and giving balanced diet.
> Make them exercise regularly. People who do regular exercise are protected from depression for more years even if they stop doing exercise.
> When you are depressed, do not hesitate to talk , just open up about your feeling with people around. You will feel better.
> If necessary always take help of a psychologist, a social worker or a trained psychotherapist (see Psychotherapy).
> Stop thinking too much. Do not be too hard on yourself.
> Try to live in the present. Avoid keeping negative thoughts of your past, start thinking of future.
> Try to practice meditation to reduce depression.
> Recognize your fear and try to overcome of it.
Mild to moderate depression can usually be treated effectively with psychotherapy. In the case of major depression, the recommended treatment is psychotherapy combined with an antidepressant drug.
In the cases when patient do not respond to other treatments , suicidal behaviour is obvious, it is necessary hospitalized them. Electroconvulsive treatment is done to stimulate the brain. They are administered under general anesthesia, 2 to 3 times per week for 6 to 12 weeks.
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